5 Things to Know About Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)

Exchange Traded Funds

An ETF isa kind of fund that is invested in the stock exchange for trading purposes. It’s a kind of security that entails security collections; like stocks that are often tracking the underlying index. Though investors can invest in any industry and use various strategies. Exchange-Traded Funds are similar to mutual funding in several ways, yet they are listed on the stock exchange, and Exchange Traded Funds or ETFs trade like other stocks throughout the day.

Exchange Traded Funds

Types of Exchange Traded Funds

There are numerous kinds of “Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)” including; commodities, bonds, stocks, and lots of other investment types. One of the most popular types of ETFs is the precious metal ETF, or Edelmetall ETF as they say in Germany. With gold ETFs, for example, investors can invest money into the world’s leading producers of gold. The ETFs fund has security, which means there is an associated price linked, and this allows it to be bought & sold without difficulty.

There are various methods to structure an Exchange Traded Funds even the objective is just to track the underlying index. It is Cash-based, and Synthetic Exchange Traded Funds

  • Cash-based Exchange Traded Funds

Physical or cash-based ETFs are those trades where you invest directly into the assets, and you can make up the index by using this method. You may invest in all of the components, including bonds, stocks or assets. Or you can also invest in the representative selection of the bonds, stocks, or assets.

  • Synthetic Exchange Traded Funds

Synthetic Exchange-Traded Funds use derivative products like swaps and access products like participatory notes. This can produce returns that can track the indices. This derivative means, the numbers of parties that are involved are more in number. It also indicates that you are exposed more to the risks that the access product defaults on the payment obligation. This may default if it got bankrupt and the amount that you lose will be depending on the ETFs exposure.

The Synthetic ETFs can either use funded or non-funded stricter that is based on the swap.

 What you need to know about

Like different funds, ETF are equally as beneficial as what they are made up of. Following is the list of 5 things to know about ETF that one must keep in mind before start investing in ETFs.

#1 Cash invested in Exchange Traded Funds

An ETF, millions and trillions of dollars are invested in stock exchange worldwide. ETFs are a kind of fund that is holding various assets rather than holding single assets as in other stocks. ETFs can hold one particular industry/sector, or it could own thousands of stocks across different sectors. Some of the ETFs are focusing only on US offerings, whereas others are dealing globally.

#2 Pros and Cons of Pros Exchange Traded Funds

Some advantages of Exchange Traded Funds

  • It trades like stocks
  • ETFs are well structured
  • The fees are lower as compared to other trades
  • It has less tax deduction and broker commission
  • Diversification manages risk
  • It helps the investor to learn several market sectors
  • Focuses on the targeted sectors


  • There is a lack of liquidity that hinders transactions
  • Single sector focus can limit diversification
  • Active ETFs have higher fees

#3 How ETFs work

ETF as well as the mutual funds are based on “baskets” pooled with the investment. Normally there is something common in the investment basket, and they are stocks of standard and poor’s 500 indexed companies or maybe a particular bond. The mutual fund share can be sell or buy only once a day by 4:00 PM if you need to know about the timings. The mutual fund shares price is depending on the net value of the investment that we have put in the basket. This means that if the other investors, whose investment is in the same basket where you have put your money, want to get back his fund for some reasons that are unrelated to the market; the fund value is going to fluctuate. And this eventually will hit the value of your shares.

#4 How to Buy & Sell Exchange Traded Funds

Exchange-Traded Funds trading can be done through online brokers and dealers. You can go through some of the top-rated brokers of ETFs and learn something from their experiences. After doing the proper background research, and decided to pick which fund that you are planning to invest in. you can create an online account in the brokerage service of your choice. It depends on the brokerage website where you have registered; it may offer you multiple choices. What you have to do at this point is to input the corresponding symbols and indicate the number of shares you want to buy.

You should also know about the types of orders; there are the market, limit and stop orders. You can place an order according to your preferences about the ETFs transaction executed. The moment you will be sure that you have chosen your specific conditions for the trade; just click on the submit button. And wait for the order updates when your trade execution completed.

#5 Risks for Exchange Traded Funds

There are common risks associated with ETFs the following points which every newbie must keep in mind before investing

  • You are exposed to the market risk of the particular benchmark, and the price fluctuations can directly affect the performance of Exchange Traded Funds
  • Exchange-Traded Funds based on cash may not be able to sell or buy the stock commodity/component in the required portion
  • In tracking errors, there might also be the time differences, cost of execution or the constraints
  • If you buy an ETFs whose base currency is different from yours, then you are exposing yourself to the foreign exchange risk

Exchange-Traded Funds suitable for you

Exchange-Traded Funds is not for everyone but once you decided to invest make sure that you;

  • Need higher return, but you should also remain prepared for the return that can include the risk of losing the amount of investment
  • Know the factors that might affect the investment return
  • Better learn how to calculate returns
  • Must know about the Exchange Traded Funds manager and track record

Final Thoughts

Finally, the most important question here is, “should I buy an ETFs” and “which market sector should I choose to invest in”, “what vehicles are the best”. And answer to all these questions is better first come up with your share and then you can better figure out what the ETFs are.

Exchange Traded Funds




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